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Fruit Tree Rootstocks Explained

Fruit Rootstocks Explained

Fruit trees which are sold at www.trees-online.co.uk are grown on a range of rootstocks in order to control the rate of growth.  These tables show approximate size of mature trees and various suggested uses.

Apples

MM.106 - General purpose for most types of cordon and half standard, staking only required on sites which are exposed.

MM.111 - Vigorous.  As for MM.106 but more ideal for half standards, no staking required and excellent collar rot and general disease resistance.

M.9 - Dwarf.  Very productive but poor anchorage needing permanent staking for support.  Ideal for cordons.

M.25 - Very Vigorous. Will grow to 4+ metres in height

M.26 - Semi-Dwarf. Expect a final height of around 3.0m  

M.27 - Very Dwarf.  Produces the true mini tree, expect a final height of around 1.5m

Cherries

Colt - Semi-Dwarf.  Very productive and fully compatible with all sweet and flowering varieties, will contain trees to 3.6m

Prunus F.12.1 - Very vigorous.  The best form of Prunus avium. Will grow to 4m or more.

Gisela 5 - Dwarf.  60% of Colt.  Ideal for commercial orchards, gardens and patio pots.

 

Pear Rootstock

  
Half Standard Quince A:More of a conventional tree shape with side branches starting higher up the tree. Expect a height of around 3.6m 
Bush Quince A: Side branches start lower down the pear tree when compared to a half-standard. Expect a height of roughly 3.6m 
Cordon Quince C:No side branches, just a main trunk but much earlier to produce pears. Ideal for small gardens. Expect a height of roughly 2m. 
Maiden Quince A:A one year old pear tree ready for you to prune into another shape e.g. Fan, Espallier etc. Expect a final height of roughly 3.6m 
Maiden Quince C:   A one year old pear tree ready for you to prune into whichever shape you choose e.g. Fan, Espallier etc. Expect a final height of roughly 2m. 
Maiden Pyrodwarf: A one year old pear tree ready for you to prune into whichever shape you choose e.g. Fan, Espallier etc. Expect a final height of roughly 4m. 
Maiden Pyrus Communis: A one year old pear tree ready for you to prune into whichever shape you choose e.g. Fan, Espallier etc. Expect a final height of 4.5+ metres.  

Plums and Prunus

St.Julien ‘A' - Semi-Vigorous.  This is fully compatible with all plums, damsons, gages, peaches, nectarines and apricots and many ornamental prunus species.

Pixy - Dwarf and ideal for size containment in the garden.

Brompton - Vigorous.  Vigorous, suitable for orchards.

 

 

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